Summary: The article I read was “Labor migration and child mortality in Mozambique” by Scott T. Yabiku, Victor Agadjanian, and Boaventura Cau. The purpose of the article was to determine the relationship between labor migration and child mortality in Mozambique. First, they determined the variables, male migration for labor and male not migrating for labor.
Personal take on summary: This paper was interesting because it isn’t an obvious topic like other papers I read. Like I’ve never heard of Mozambique before, so it was interesting to see and read about how they still have this labor work that they must leave their family for. I also found it interesting that the researchers are comparing the labor to child mortality because at a glance I wouldn’t even have seen the correlation.
Background/ Personal take on the background: The background was hard to find so I’ll have to say that the background is that in Mozambique families that migrate for labor have a correlation to child mortality.
Rationale: The rationale is trying to find the correlation of how one single family member leaving would be associated with child mortality. Also, specifically how the prominent male figure leaving affects child mortality.
Personal take on the rationale: I really like this rationale because it is something that I have not thought about before but makes a lot of sense. I’m glad I came across this article because it made me think about other kinds of abstract and different variables that could affect child mortality.
Methods: The methods used were surveys done by married rural women in southern Mozambique. “56 villages of four districts of Gaza Province; one woman per household was interviewed. In total, 1680 women aged 18–40 were interviewed” (Scott Y, Victor A, Boaventura C).
Personal take on the methods: I feel that the researchers shouldn’t have only surveyed the women. If there were men in the villages they should have got them too, maybe had the data separated. However, that number of participants is reasonable, and I feel is acceptable.
Results: “Of the 1932 children at risk of death between the ages of 0 and 5 from 2006 to 2009, 8% died. Almost 40% of the children had a father who was a labor migrant.” (Scott Y, Victor A, Boaventura C).
Personal take on the Results: The results were a little vague and didn’t have outright results. However, from the numbers, it’s hard to conclude or not if there is a relationship between labor migrants and child mortality.
Graphs & Tables: The tables that the article had were easy to read and were straightforward so good job on the graphs.
Conclusion: To conclude the article was alright, it was interesting in the way that it tested a variable I wouldn’t have ever thought about but beyond that, the paper was standard nothing too different from what I expect from a paper. Not bad but not the most enjoyable read.
Yabiku, et al. “Labor Migration and Child Mortality in Mozambique.” Social Science &Amp; Medicine, vol. 75, no. 12, 2012, pp. 2530–2538.